How to Taxidermy Fish

How to Taxidermy Fish: A Step-by-Step Guide

Fish taxidermy is a popular hobby among anglers and nature enthusiasts. It allows you to preserve and display your prized catch, creating a lifelike replica that captures the beauty and essence of the fish. While the process may seem complex, with a little patience and practice, you can achieve stunning results. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to taxidermy fish, along with answers to common FAQs.

Step 1: Gather the necessary materials
Before you begin the taxidermy process, make sure you have all the required materials. These include a fish mounting kit (available at taxidermy supply stores), a sharp knife, scissors, wire, tweezers, pins, cotton batting, preserving chemicals, epoxy glue, and an artificial fish eye.

Step 2: Prepare the fish
Start by removing the fish from the freezer or cooler and allowing it to thaw. Clean the fish thoroughly by removing any excess slime and debris. Next, make a small incision on the underside of the fish, from the anal vent to the gills. Carefully peel back the skin, using a knife or scalpel, and detach it from the body.

Step 3: Remove the flesh
Gently remove the flesh from the fish, being cautious not to damage the skin. Use a fleshing tool or spoon to scrape away the remaining flesh and fat. Pay close attention to the fins and tail, as they are delicate and easily torn. Cleanse the skin with a mixture of water and borax, ensuring all remnants of flesh are removed.

Step 4: Preserve the skin
To preserve the skin, apply a generous amount of preserving chemicals, such as borax or formaldehyde, to the interior of the skin. This will prevent decay and ensure the longevity of your taxidermy mount. Allow the skin to dry for several hours until it becomes stiff and leathery.

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Step 5: Mount the fish
Once the skin is dry, it’s time to mount the fish. Begin by shaping a foam or wooden body to match the size and shape of the fish. Insert the body into the fish, ensuring it fits snugly. Use pins or small nails to secure the body to the skin, taking care to maintain the fish’s natural shape. Fill any empty spaces with cotton batting for additional support and lifelike texture.

Step 6: Finishing touches
To enhance the realism of your taxidermy mount, paint the body with acrylic paints, matching the colors and patterns of the fish. Use fine brushes to add details, such as scales and markings. Attach an artificial fish eye to complete the lifelike appearance. Secure any loose fins with wire or pins and use epoxy glue to hold them in place.


1. Is it legal to taxidermy fish?
Taxidermy is legal in most places, but it’s essential to check local regulations regarding licensing and permits. Some species may require specific documentation or restrictions.

2. Can I use a frozen fish for taxidermy?
Yes, you can use a frozen fish for taxidermy. Just make sure to thaw it completely before beginning the process.

3. How long does the taxidermy process take?
The time required for taxidermy varies depending on the size of the fish and your level of expertise. It can take anywhere from a few hours to several days to complete the process.

4. Can I preserve my fish without skinning it?
While skinning is the most common method, there are alternative techniques such as molding and casting that can preserve the fish without removing the skin.

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5. What type of preserving chemicals should I use?
Borax, formaldehyde, or other commercial preserving chemicals are commonly used. It’s essential to follow the instructions carefully and handle these chemicals with caution.

6. Can I mount a fish without a kit?
While a fish mounting kit provides the necessary tools and materials, it’s possible to mount a fish without one. The process will require improvisation and additional materials.

7. How do I prevent the fish skin from shrinking during drying?
To prevent the skin from shrinking, carefully stretch it over the foam or wooden body during the mounting process. Ensure it is taut and secure.

8. Can I taxidermy a fish I caught years ago?
Yes, you can taxidermy a fish caught years ago, as long as it has been properly preserved. The skin should be intact, and the fish should be cleaned thoroughly before beginning the process.

9. Can I taxidermy a fish with missing fins or damaged skin?
Yes, it’s possible to taxidermy a fish with missing fins or damaged skin. However, it may require additional sculpting and repair work to achieve a realistic mount.

10. How do I clean and maintain a taxidermy fish mount?
Clean your taxidermy fish mount by gently dusting it with a soft brush or cloth. Avoid using water or cleaning solutions, as they can damage the mount. Keep it away from direct sunlight and extreme humidity to prevent fading and deterioration.

11. Can I mount a fish without painting it?
While painting adds realism and enhances the appearance, it is possible to mount a fish without painting. However, the final result may lack the vibrant colors and details.

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12. Can I mount a fish without using an artificial eye?
While an artificial eye adds authenticity to the mount, it is possible to skip this step. However, the fish may appear less lifelike without the eye.

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