What to Feed Dragon Fish

What to Feed Dragon Fish: A Comprehensive Guide

Dragon fish, also known as Arowanas, are stunning and majestic creatures that have become increasingly popular among fish enthusiasts. These fish require specific care and a well-balanced diet to thrive in captivity. In this article, we will explore what to feed dragon fish, as well as answer some frequently asked questions about their dietary needs.

What to Feed Dragon Fish:

1. Pellets: High-quality commercial pellets formulated specifically for Arowanas are a great staple food for dragon fish. These pellets are usually rich in nutrients and provide a well-balanced diet.

2. Live and Frozen Foods: Dragon fish enjoy live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and small fish. These foods mimic their natural prey and can be an excellent source of protein and essential nutrients.

3. Insects: Feeding dragon fish with insects like crickets, grasshoppers, and mealworms can be an exciting addition to their diet. Make sure the insects are gut-loaded (fed with nutritious food) before offering them to your dragon fish.

4. Vegetables: Although dragon fish are primarily carnivorous, they can benefit from some plant matter in their diet. Blanched spinach, peas, and lettuce can be provided occasionally as a source of fiber.

5. Homemade Food: Some dragon fish owners prefer to prepare homemade meals for their fish. This can include a mix of high-quality protein sources, such as shrimp or fish, along with vegetables and supplements.

6. Vitamin and Mineral Supplements: To ensure your dragon fish receives all the necessary nutrients, it is recommended to use vitamin and mineral supplements designed specifically for Arowanas. These supplements can be added to their regular diet.

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7. Feeder Fish: While feeder fish can be an option, they should be used sparingly and with caution. Feeder fish may carry diseases or parasites that can harm your dragon fish. Additionally, they may not provide a balanced diet, so it is essential to offer other food sources as well.

8. Variety is Key: Providing a varied diet is crucial to maintaining the health of your dragon fish. Offering a combination of pellets, live/frozen foods, insects, and occasional vegetables ensures they receive a wide range of nutrients.

9. Feeding Frequency: Dragon fish should be fed 2-3 times a day, but avoid overfeeding as it can lead to obesity and health issues. Monitor their feeding habits and adjust the quantity accordingly.

10. Water Quality: Along with a proper diet, it is essential to maintain excellent water quality for your dragon fish. Regular water changes and filtration will help ensure their overall well-being and digestive health.

11. Observation: Pay attention to your dragon fish’s behavior and appearance. If they are refusing food or showing signs of illness, consult with a veterinarian specializing in fish to rule out any underlying health issues.

12. Consult an Expert: If you are unsure about what to feed your dragon fish or have concerns about their diet, seek advice from experienced fishkeepers or consult with a professional in the field.


1. Can I feed my dragon fish only pellets?
Yes, high-quality pellets formulated for Arowanas can be the main staple food for your dragon fish. However, it is recommended to offer a varied diet to ensure they receive all necessary nutrients.

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2. How often should I feed my dragon fish live or frozen foods?
Live or frozen foods can be offered as a treat or supplement to their diet a few times a week. Monitor their response and adjust accordingly.

3. Can I feed my dragon fish with feeder fish?
Feeder fish should be used sparingly and with caution due to potential health risks. It is important to offer other food sources and ensure the feeder fish are disease-free.

4. Is it necessary to use vitamin and mineral supplements?
Using vitamin and mineral supplements specifically designed for Arowanas can help ensure your dragon fish receives all essential nutrients. However, a well-balanced diet should provide most of their nutritional needs.

5. Can I give my dragon fish vegetables?
While dragon fish are primarily carnivorous, providing occasional blanched vegetables can be beneficial for their digestive system. However, vegetables should not be the main component of their diet.

6. How often should I change the water in the tank?
Regular water changes are vital to maintaining good water quality for your dragon fish. Aim for a 25-30% water change every two weeks, but adjust the frequency based on your specific tank conditions.

7. Can I prepare homemade food for my dragon fish?
Homemade food can be a great option, as long as it includes a balanced mix of high-quality protein sources, vegetables, and supplements. Ensure the ingredients are thoroughly cooked and avoid any seasonings or additives.

8. Can I feed my dragon fish with insects?
Yes, dragon fish can benefit from the occasional addition of insects like crickets, grasshoppers, or mealworms. Make sure the insects are gut-loaded before offering them to your fish.

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9. How can I tell if my dragon fish is ill or has a nutritional deficiency?
Signs of illness or nutritional deficiencies in dragon fish can include loss of appetite, abnormal swimming behavior, discoloration, or lesions. If you notice any of these symptoms, consult with a fish veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

10. Can I feed my dragon fish with leftovers from my meals?
It is not recommended to feed your dragon fish with leftovers from your meals, as they may contain ingredients that are harmful or unsuitable for their diet.

11. Can I use tap water for my dragon fish?
Tap water can be used, but it is important to treat it with a water conditioner to remove chlorine and chloramine, which can be harmful to fish. Alternatively, you can use filtered or bottled water.

12. How long can dragon fish survive without food?
Dragon fish can survive for several weeks without food, but it is not recommended to starve them intentionally. If you are away for an extended period, it is advisable to arrange someone to feed them or use an automatic feeder.

In conclusion, providing a well-balanced diet is crucial for the health and vitality of your dragon fish. By offering a variety of high-quality pellets, live/frozen foods, insects, and occasional vegetables, you can ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Remember to maintain good water quality, observe their behavior, and seek professional advice when needed.